One of the most common places to get water damage in your home is your basement, causing thousands of dollars in damage. However, there is a way to prevent flooding and water damage in your basement altogether. Sump pumps can eliminate water from your basement before it becomes a problem and can even move water away from your house.
What is a Sump Pump?
Essentially, these are cylindrical pumps that are placed in the lowest point of your basement. If your basement is prone to flooding, your sump pump automatically turns on and pumps water from your basement before it can cause water damage.
How Do They Work?
Sump pumps can be placed in your basement to pump water from your house into a drain and somewhere that it won’t cause damage to your home. They’re placed at the lowest point of your basement so the water drains into it, and they only turn on when they come in contact with water which saves electricity. Most of them use a float switch, which is a sensor floating on the water, to tell the pump when the water level is getting too high.
Types of Sump Pumps
There are two different types of sump pumps that are used in homes: submersible pumps and pedestal pumps. When you set up a sump pump, a hole called a sump pit or basin is dug in the lowest part of your basement and lined with gravel. When water goes into the pit, your pump activates and begins pumping water out of your basement before it can flood. A submersible sump pump has the motor and its housing located inside the hole. A pedestal sump pump has their motor next to this sump basin. If your sump pit is narrow or deep, or you don’t spend much time in your basement, a pedestal pump will be most effective. However, the sound of a pedestal pump running is fairly loud, and these pumps aren’t very powerful. Submersible pumps are quieter and more powerful so if you spend time in your basement or need to pump out a lot of water, those are preferable. Most pumps run between 1/3 hp and 3/4 hp.
What if Your Pump Fails?
During storms or other natural disasters, your electricity may go out, causing your pump to fail. It’s important to also have a battery backup sump pump to make sure your house doesn’t get flooded when the electricity is out. A combined system like this is the best way to prevent failures in your pump and flooding in your basement. If your sump pump has failed and your basement is flooded, make sure to follow these steps to stay safe while cleaning up the flood water. Or call Jenkins Restorations to come help you restore your basement!
How Are Sump Pumps Preventative?
Not only can sump pumps remove water from your basement, but they can also pump ground water away from the basement. Some pumps can activate when they sense water in the soil, preventing the problem before it ever arises. They will then drain the water out of the soil and away from your home.
Because they prevent flooding and water damage, sump pumps also can help keep mold from growing in your basement. Mold normally grows in moist conditions and it can be extremely detrimental to your health. In some cases, it’s even deadly. Sump pumps will eliminate that moisture from your basement and prevent standing water. Without the standing water or moisture, the mold won’t grow or cause damage in the first place.
These pumps can also prevent certain types of electrical fires and fire damage. Sometimes, when your basement begins to flood, water can get into electrical circuits or outlets, causing shorts in the circuits or electrical fires.
Common Mistakes Made With Sump Pumps
Not Testing Your Pump Regularly
Make sure you test your pump system at least once a year so you know whether or not you need to repair or replace it! To test the pump, simply get a five gallon bucket of water and slowly pour it into your sump basin until your pressure or float switch is triggered. If the water doesn’t drain out and your pump doesn’t turn on, you may need to purchase and install a new one.
Unplugging the Pump
Surprisingly, an extremely common issue that occurs with sump pumps, particularly ones in basements used for more than just storage, is that the pump can get unplugged. Most often, the outlet is needed, so the pump is disconnected from the power and not plugged back in. It’s best to make sure that your sump pump never gets unplugged if you can avoid it, so plan the use of your basement accordingly.
Draining into Municipal Water or Sewer Systems
In older homes, it was common for these systems to drain into your local water systems. However, more recently, laws and regulations have been put into place to prevent this because municipal water and sewer systems were being overwhelmed, particularly when it rains.
Failure to Get Preventative Maintenance Done
Preventative maintenance is absolutely vital when you have a sump pump system. There are lots of different issues that can arise from debris in the pump, faulty wiring, or even broken pipes. Catching these issues early can prevent larger, more expensive problems in the future. Sump pumps are a vital component in keeping moisture out of your home and preventing lots of issues, including basement flooding and mold. Make sure you maintain and care for your pump properly, and you’ll have a dry, comfortable home for years to come.
If you have water damage in your home or business, Jenkins Restorations is here to help. We make the process of getting back into your home and back to your normal life a pain-free process.
Jenkins Restorations specializes in the reconstruction and repair of property damaged by wind, water, fire, storms, vandalism or burglary. We offer 24/7 Emergency Services to get you quickly and professionally restored!