Wind Damage and Wind Resistant Trees
When planting a tree in a yard, it is important to consider how wind resistant it is. A tree that is susceptible to high winds can drop limbs in a storm, which can damage your house, cars, or a neighbor’s house. Because of this, you should know what trees are wind resistant before you put one in your yard. Storms are common and can bring with them high winds. It is best to be prepared for extreme wind situations while planning what trees to use in your yard.
Pear trees, willows, sycamores, eucalyptuses, silver maples, and American Oaks commonly drop limbs in windy conditions. These trees have weak bark that does not support the tree well, which leaves them exposed in windy conditions. Some of these trees, like silver maples and oaks, also grow to be very tall. This makes them take on more wind damage and lose limbs faster. If you choose to plant these trees in your yard, plant them 20 feet or more away from houses or vehicles to minimize the risk of a tree branches damaging them.
While some trees do not handle wind well, there are others that can withstand some of the most powerful wind speeds. Four of the top wind-resistant trees are:
- Live oaks
- Live maples
- Crepe myrtles
- Cypress trees
These trees are all safe bets when considering wind damage. They have strong roots to keep them in place and thick bark that supports then in windy conditions, proving to be reliable during great winds.
While most trees’ roots are not invasive enough to cause damage to your house or pavement, some will. If trees with invasive roots are planted too close to your house, there roots can disrupt your house’s foundation which can be costly to repair. Because of this, it is important to know how root damage occurs and what trees have invasive roots.
Tree Roots Shift Soil
Believe it or not, tree roots do not typically damage a house or pavement by penetrating the foundation. Instead, tree roots shift the soil underneath and around houses and pavement, which causes them to become unstable. This happens as a result of roots drying up soil and causing it to slump. Once the soil slumps and the house or pavement is not supported properly, it will begin to crack. Because of this, you should not plant any trees within 20 feet of your house.
Trees to Avoid Planting
While most tree root systems will not grow wider than 20 feet, some trees roots can stretch for acres. Aspens, willows, American Elms, and silver maples all have root systems that can stretch for acres. It is best to not have these in your yard because it is very difficult to control how far their roots will stretch and disrupt the foundation of your home.