Smoke Alarms are a key part of a home fire escape plan. When there is a fire, smoke spreads fast. A properly installed and functioning smoke alarm cuts your family’s risk of dying in a reported fire in half, says the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Of home fire deaths between 2005 and 2009, close to two-thirds were from fires in homes with either no smoke alarm or no working smoke detectors. Working smoke alarms give you early warning so you can get outside quickly. Here are some safety tips for setting up your home smoke alarms from the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA):
- Install smoke alarms inside and outside each bedroom and sleeping area.
- Install alarms on every level of the home. Install alarms in the basement.
- Large homes may need extra smoke alarms.
- It is best to use interconnected smoke alarms. When one smoke alarm sounds they all sound.
- Test all smoke alarms at least once a month. Press the test button to be sure the alarm is working.
- There are two kinds of alarms. Ionization smoke alarms are quicker to warn about flaming fires. Photoelectric alarms are quicker to warn about smoldering fires. It is best to use both types of alarms in the home.
- A smoke alarm should be on the ceiling or high on a wall. Keep smoke alarms away from the kitchen to reduce false alarms. They should be at least 10 feet (3 meters) from the stove.
- People who are hard-of-hearing or deaf can use special alarms. These alarms have strobe lights and bed shakers.
- Replace all smoke alarms when they are 10 years old